Further Reading

Acquaire. Arlequin mulâtresse sauvé par Macandal. Cap Francais, St. Domingue, 1758. 

Aravamudan, Srinivas. Tropicopolitans: Colonialism and agency, 1688-1804. Duke University Press, 1999., 322. 

Bellegarde-Smith P. Resisting Freedom: Cultural Factors in Democracy—The Case for Haiti. In: Vodou in Haitian Life and Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Burnard, Trevor, and John Garrigus. The Plantation Machine: Atlantic Capitalism in French Saint-Domingue and British Jamaica. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016.

Cale, John G. "French Secular Music in Saint-Domingue (1750-1795) Viewed as a Factor in  America's Musical Growth." (1971).

Camier, Bernard, and Laurent Dubois. “Voltaire et Zaïre, ou le théâtre des Lumières dans l’aire atlantique française.” Revue dhistoire moderne contemporaine 54-4, no. 4 (December 1, 2007): 39–69. https://www.cairn.info/revue-d-histoire-moderne-et-contemporaine-2007-4-page-39.htm.

Crowley, T. A.  “LE NORMANT DE MÉZY, JACQUES-ANGE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 3, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003. http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/le_normant_de_mezy_jacques_ange_3E.html. 

Davis, Wade. The Serpent and the Rainbow. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985.

Dayan, Colin. Haiti, History, and the Gods. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Diouf, Sylviane A. Servants of Allah. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Drot, Jean-Marie.  “Makandal burned alive.”  Frantz Zéphirin, 1992. AN ENCOUNTER BETWEEN TWO WORLDS AS SEEN BY HAITI'S ARTISTS. Rome: Carte Segrete s.r.l., 1994. 

Dubois, Laurent. "Gendered Freedom: Citoyennes and War in the Revolutionary French Caribbean." Gender, War and Politics. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, 58-70.

Endore, S. Guy. Babouk: The Story of a Slave. John Long., n.d.

Fouchard, Jean. Le théâtre à Saint-Domingue: prix de l’alliance française. l’État, 1955.

Iannini, Christopher. Fatal Revolutions. University of North Carolina Press, 2012.

Jaudon, Toni Wall. “Obeah Sensations: Rethinking Religion at the Transnational Turn.” American Literature (2012) 84.4: pg. 715-741.

Johnson, Erica R. Philanthropy and Race in the Haitian Revolution. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.

Paton, Diana. “Witchcraft, Poison, Law, and Atlantic Slavery.” William and Mary Quarterly, 69.2 (2012), 235-264. 

Pietz, William. “The Problem of the Fetish, I.” RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics, no. 9 (Spring 1985), pg. 5-17.

Saillant, John. “The Black Body Erotic and the Republican Body Politics, 1790-1820.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, January 1995, pg. 403-428.

Schiebinger, Londa, and Claudia Swan. Colonial Botany: Science, Commerce, and Politics in the Early Modern World. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.

Schiebinger, Londa L. Plants and Empire. Harvard University Press, 2009.

Weaver, Karol K. Medical Revolutionaries. University of Illinois Press, 2006.

Wisecup, Kelly. “Knowing Obeah,” Atlantic Studies (Fall 2013), pp. 1-20.

Related Projects

Just Teach One  

Duncan Faherty (Queens College & CUNY Graduate Center) and Ed White (Tulane University)

Just Teach One is a digital project producing digital editions of neglected and forgotten texts in Early American and Carribbean studies. Just Teach One, with support from the American Antiquarian Society and Common-place, provides publically-available scholarly transcriptions of early texts, with resources for teachers to use these texts in their classrooms, and reflections capturing insights, intertextual potentials, and guidance (JTO). 


Account of a Remarkable Conspiracy (1787): first published in the Mercure de France under the title of “Makandal, Histoire véritable,” this story was reprinted throughout the next several years in periodicals across the transatlantic world, including Berlin, London, and New York. In the digital editions (XML and PDF) of this text, the circulation history and scholarly work on this text is traced and recorded, providing an important resource for teachers. With reflections from teachers who have taught Account of a Remarkable Conspiracy, this project is a valuable resource for exploring how to teach about Makandal in the classroom, focusing on circulation, translation, and uptake. 


Marronnage in Saint-Domingue (Haiti): History, Memory, Technology

French Atlantic History Group at McGill University, Mellon Foundation, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines of the Université de Sherbrooke 

Marronage in Saint-Domingue is a digital repository of runaway slave advertisements from the principal colonial newspaper, Affiches américaines. This project aims at reclaiming and deconstructing the historical narrative about fugitive slave, highlighting those who “refused the dehumanizaiton of slavery.” There is a text (from February 19, 1766) in the archive that use ‘macandale’ as a synonym for a runaway slave, demonstrating the legacy of Makandal on the island.